GLOSSARY

MAIN PARTS OF A SHIP:

Bow: Front part of a ship, it has pointed form to cut the water.

Stern: The rear part of the ship.

Hull: It's the metal structure that gives shape and body to the vessel.

Keel: It is the lowest part of the ship, which also cut the water and we can say that is the backbone of the vessel.

Starboard: Looking toward the bow is the right side of the ship.

Babor: Looking toward the bow is the left side of the ship.

Beam: It is the greater width between port and starboard of the ship.

Length: The length of the vessel between the bow and stern.

Tack: It is the part where the ship begins to widen.

Bulkheads: Are the walls that separate lengthwise or cross the various compartments or holds of the ship.

Hold: It's the interior space of the merchant ship which is intended to save the cargo. The hold is divided horizontally in: 1st. tweendeck, 2nd. tweendeck and bottom-hold.

Depth: It's the height of the vessel from the keel up to the main deck.

Main deck: The floor that is in direct contact with the outside world.

Draft: Submerged ship height, from the keel up to the line of water.

Draft Marks: Are the numbers engraved and painted on the side of the ship to indicate the draft (depth).

Plimsoll eye: The signal located at the side of the ship that indicates the maximum draft in times of heat. This signal is made of the company register initials and the draft marks in the bow.

Plimsoll line: The sign located at the side of the ship that is used to measure the draft in different geographical waters and times of the year.




MOST COMMON MARITIM AND PORT ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMS LIST (RELATING TO SHIP):

PROA-BOW
POPA-STERN
ESTRIBOR-SIDE
BABOR-PORTSIDE
MANGA-BREATH-WIDTH
ESLORA-LENGTH
PUNTAL-FRAMING-DEPTH
CASCO-HULL
AMURA-TACK
ARBOLADURA-MASTING
CALADO-DRAFT
ESCALA-DRAFT-MARKS’
MAMPARO-BULKHEADS
BODEGA-HOLDS
ESCOTILLAS-HATCHWAY
PLUMAS-DERRICKS
BORDA-BOARD
CUBIERTA-DECK
ENTREPUENTES-TWEENDECKS
QUILLA-KEEL

FWD-PROA
HATCH-ESCOTILLA
STORES-MISC. ALMACEN
BALLAST-LASTRE
DERRICK-PLUMA
BOUYANCY-FLOTACION
KELL-QUILLA
LENGTH-ESLORA
AFT-POPA
DRAFT-CALADO
BUNKERS-COMBUSTIBLE
TACKLE-GANCHO
BOOM-PLUMA
STERN POST-PARTE PST. BUQUE
BREADTH-MANGA
GEAR LESS-SIN GRUAS

VSL.-VESSEL (EMBARCACION)
C.S.D.-CLOSED SHELTER DECK (BUQUE DE CUBIERTA CERRADA)
O.S.D.-OPEN SHELTER DECK (BUQUE DE CUBIERTA ABIERTA)
IFO.-INTERMEDIATE FUEL OIL (COMBUSTIBLE)
STBD.-STARBOARD (ESTRIBOR)
HOLD.-BODEGA
PS.-PORTSIDE OF SHIP(BABOR)
TWDK.-TWEENDECK (ENTREPUENTES)
CRANE.-GRUA
JUMBO DERRICK.- GRUA/PLUMA REAL
DWT.-DEAD WEIGHT TONNAGE (TONELAJE PESO MUERTO)
BALE CAPACITY.-CAPACIDAD EN BULTOS
GRAIN CAPACITY.-CAPACIDAD EN GRANEL

GENERAL ABBREVIATIONS

COILS.-ROLLOS
PKG’S.-PAQUETES, PACKAGES
DMS.-TAMBORES, DRUMS
B’GS.-BOLSAS, BAGS
B’DEL.-ATADOS, BUNDLE
PLT.-PALETAS, PALLETS
CUFT.-PIE CUBICO, CUBIC FEET
GEN’L.-CARGA GENERAL, GENERAL CARGO
L/T.-TONELADA LARGA, LONG TONS
C/S.-CAJAS CASES
C’TNS.-CARTON, CARTONS
CONTAINER.-CONTENEDOR
SCOPE.-TRAYECTO
TOW.-REMOLQUE
SEIZURE.-EMBARGO
LIEN.-GRAVAMEN
CONVEYANCE.-MEDIO DE TRANSPORTE “MEANS OF”
WAIVER.-RENUNCIA A DERECHO DE CARGA
HAGUE RULES.-“INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE UNIFICATION OF
CERTAIN RULES RELATING TO BILL OF LANDING” REGLAS DE LA HAYA
D.D.-DRY DOCK, DIQUE SECO
DSL.-DIESEL
RANGE.-RANGO(AREA, DIMENSION)
FORK LIFT.-MONTACARGA
HEAVY LIFT.-CARGA PESADA
SLING.-LINGADA
CARGO NET.-RED DE CARGA
LIFT.-IZADA
PT.-PORT, PUERTO
MSG.-MESSAGE
D.O.-DIESEL OIL
FYG.-PARA SU GUIA, FOR YOUR GUIDANCE
BOLT.-PERNO
MEAN.-MEDIO

The bill of lading MARITIME (Bill of Lading)

This document of paramount importance must be clearly understood by the shipper and the carrier, because it is a receipt for the goods and evidence of the contract signed between the two, which sets out the rights and obligations of the parties involved. Additionally, in Mexico the bill of lading can be considered as an invoice for tax purposes.

Main Features

Due to its law contract, the bill of lading is a negotiable document that can be endorsed according to the General Law of Titles and Credit Operations, which turn it into a property title of the goods.

Requirement should be completely in order to establish:
• Line Carrier (Name and Address)
• The ship’s name and trip number.
• Shipper and consignee name and address.
• Goods origin and final destination.
• Loading and unloading port.
• Detailed description of the cargo (content, quantity, weight and volume)
• The amount of freight paid or receivable (Prepaid / Collect)

It is usually issued in three originals and must be signed and sealed by the Shipping Line's or the consignee agent at the loading port or at the origin of goods office. Once an original is submitted to the Shipping Line in the port of unloading and the goods are withdrawal, the others originals lose their value.

Relevant Legal Aspects of the Bill of Lading

• The cargo insurance must be hired by the shipper or the consignee, according to the international sales term, (FOB or CIF) as goods are shipped at the risk of these parties and not by the carrier, because the carrier has only limited responsibilities.

• When goods are carriage in containers, it is the shipper’s responsibility to review the physical state of it. It is also important to stress that the container is a means of transport packaging and not far from a container so the shipper must take special care in the packaging of its cargo, as well as the proper stowage inside the unit.

• It is the duty of the shipper to describe in detail the characteristics of the products, the quantity, type of packaging and weight of these for each container. As well as observing the restrictions set for the use of the container according to their type and capacity.

• Freight: The total bill of lading in all cases shall be in U.S. dollars, which may be composed as follows:

• Freight Base (Base Rate)
• CAF (Currency Adjustment Factor) - Adjustment Factor devaluation of the dollar
• BAF (Bunker Adjusment Factor) - Adjustment Factor fluctuation of fuel
• PAC (Port Additional Charge) - The port congestion surcharge
• THC (Terminal Handling Charge) - Surcharge managing container terminals
• CSC (Container Service Charge) - Surcharge service container
• CYR (Cy Receiving Charge) - Surcharge managing container terminals
• I / F (Inland Haulage) - Land transportation included in the B / L
• T / S (Transshippment) - Additional per-shipment of goods at the unloading port
• DOF (Documentation Fee) - Surcharge drafting of the bill of lading




 

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